Business Model

Financial Capital

The funds and monetary resources needed to establish and operate the business. The business raises funds through a mix of debt and equity and optimises its debt based on market conditions


Capital Expenditure (2016-17)
Rs. 31,750.74 crores


Total Income
(Consolidated Net of Excise Duty)
Rs. 269,850 crores

EBITDA (Consolidated)
Rs. 36,912 crores

Net Profit (Consolidated)
Rs. 7,557 crores

Manufactured Capital

The production facilities and equipment for designing, prototyping and manufacturing vehicles


Consumption of Raw Materials and Components (Consolidated)
Rs. 160,147.12 crores

Tata Motors Works India

JLR Manufacturing Plants
UK :

  • Halewood
  • Solihull
  • Castle Bromwich
  • Wolverhampton (Engine Manufacturing Center)
  • CHINA (JV), Changshu
  • BRAZIL, Rio de Janeiro
  • INDIA, Pune (Vehicle Assembly)


Number of vehicles sold (Consolidated):

Intellectual Capital

R&D, innovation, design and engineering which form the basis of our product development efforts


Spend on R&D
TML: Rs. 2,100 crores
JLR: GBP 1,794 million

Patent Applications - TML: 80
Patent Applications - JLR: 528
Design Applications - TML: 52
Design Applications - JLR: 367


New Products Developed -

  • Commercial Vehicles - 9
  • Passenger Vehicles - 3

JLR: 11
Key R&D Highlights
TML : Tata Starbus Hybrid, Tata
Ultra Electric, Fuel cell bus and India's first LNG bus

JLR: Jaguar I-pace – first 5-seater battery electric crossover, on sale in 2018. Plug-in hybrids on Range Rover and Range Rover Sports to debut shortly
Patents Granted - TML: 22
Patents Granted - JLR: 292
Designs Registered - TML: 26
Designs Registered - JLR: 412

Human Capital

The collective skills, experience and expertise of our people, which drive our production process.


Number of employees (Consolidated):

Employee Benefits & Wages (Consolidated):
Rs. 28,332.89 crores


  • Training on safety, diversity Human Rights Policies and concerns, over and above functional training
  • Conducting Sessions like SAFE20

JLR's spend on training: More than GBP 100 million a year into training, education and skills


TML: Lost Time Injury Frequency Rate (LTIFR) 0.17, reduction of 11.8 % from 2015-16
JLR: Lost Time Case performance in an improving trend of around 6% Y-o-Y, against increased volumes and headcount. Zero lost time accidents at many sites


  • 67% of employees trained on Human Rights
  • 950 women employees trained on Women's Safety Awareness
  • 1000+ employees engaged in Safe20 programme


  • Female graduate and apprentice intake : up by 30%
  • Women joining graduate programme make up 29% of total hires
  • 10000 employees have undergone further education and talent development

Social & Relationship Capital

Stable and sustainable relationships with value-chain partners and customers are indispensable for business continuity. Our relations with communities ensure Social License to Operate


CSR spend
Rs. 25.94 crores
JLR: GBP 10.23 million

Employee Volunteering (number of hours):
TML: ~70000 Man Hours
JLR: 10000 Man Hours


  • Engagement with dealers through periodic dealer conferences at national and regional levels
  • In 2016-17, around 105 suppliers engaged for Environmental, Social and Governance related data and 52 suppliers assessed onsite


  • Personalised Learning and Development to support all retailers
  • Participation in Carbon Disclosure Project (CDP) Supply Chain programme - a global platform for engaging with suppliers to help businesses decarbonise
  • Customer Experience Insight Programme in 124 countries and 53 languages


TML has CSR projects in 4 areas:
1. Arogya (Health)
2. Vidyadhanam (Education)
3. Kaushalya (Employability)
4. Vasundhara (Environment)

TML: Social Return on Investment
For every rupee invested by TML in the Skill Development Programme at RKM, Rs. 3.1 of social value attributable to TML is created as on 2014. Will increase to Rs. 4.1 by 2024
JLR: Lives impacted
Almost 6 million in over 25 countries


  • Ranked second in the J.D. Power Asia Pacific 2016 India Customer Service Index
  • No incidents of labour and human rights violations and non-compliance with environmental and social regulations among TML suppliers


  • Trained an audience of ~55000 retailer staff, with training that is developed in 13 core languages
  • Participation rate of suppliers in the CDP Supply Chain survey 2015-16 at 72% compared with average of 51%
  • Implemented advisory boards to provide "always on" feedback- Customers' Insights inform product planning team

Natural Capital

The automotive business is dependent on multiple natural resource based raw materials. At the same time, there are several impacts of the business activities on the natural environment


Energy Usage:
TML (2017):
5.2 GJ/vehicle (including acetylene use)
JLR (2015-16): 2.30 MWh/vehicle

Energy Conservation:

  • Investment of Rs. 9.24 crores in energy conservation
  • Tata Motors is one of the signatories of RE100 (a global collaborative initiative of influencing business committed to 100% renewable electricity by 2030)


  • Transition to cleaner, sustainable sources of energy
  • Sourcing 100% of the electricity to power the facilities from renewables

Resource Management :
Focus on Life Cycle Assessment of the products
TML: Specific water consumption per vehicle in TML is 11.3m3


GHG emissions
0.741 tCO2e/vehicle

  • 32% reduction in its European fleet's average tailpipe CO2 emissions in eight years
  • 38% improvement in its operational CO2 emissions
  • Tail Pipe Emissions of European Fleet to reduce further by 25% by 2020

Resource Management
Total Hazardous waste generation - 5361.76 MT
JLR: Through REALCAR (Recycled Aluminium Car) project, in one year (to April 2016) alone, JLR was able to reclaim and recycle more than 50000 tonnes of aluminium waste
JLR: Achieved a 39% reduction in water use per vehicle since 2007